Every fruit is to be treasured, as among the finest products of the garden. People who consider most plums mealy and bland will prefer smaller, firmer, and more intensely flavored mirabelles. Some groups of people believe that plums were carried to Rome around 200 B.C. Growers aim to create an upright shape, retaining just three or four main branches and keeping the center of the tree open. It is best to consume yellow plums when freshly harvested. The Mirabelle plum, also known by the species namePrunus insititia, originated from Asia, but also is widely grown in France. To reproduce the photo image, arrange the plum segments in concentric circles, overlapping the slices as you go. These high sugar plums are renowned for their use in various jams, jellies, baked products, and fruit brandy (known as eau de vie). The yellow egg plum, also known by the species name Prunus domestica, may be found in either purple or yellow and is quite common in Europe and North America. ... Mirabelle Plum Frozen Puree #16. To let them survive for this long, you will need to refrigerate the plums. However, Owen T is regarded as the largest plum as it measures up to 3 inches in width and weighs almost half a pound. Unlike Japanese plums, they come in an oval shape with lemony green-yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue color. (Here’s a French recipe for a rustic mirabelle plum tart.) Place the plums in a large bowl, and sprinkle ½ cup of sugar on top. “Then you have the Schnapps, which is very strong and should be mixed with distilled water until it is 40 percent.”, Not all the brandy is destined to be drunk, and it can be used for other applications around the home. Greengage plums aren’t just flavorful but they are also packed with an excellent nutrition profile, containing vitamins A, C, and K. In addition, they also filled with minerals like potassium and phosphorus. Other than pruning and removing suckers, there isn’t much labor involved with growing mirabelles. How to store plums. Mid - late August. These sweet-tart flavored fruits were loved and praised by Confucius – a Chinese teacher, politician, and philosopher as it can be observed from his several written pieces of work. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. This northeastern area close to Germany has the best climate for growing Mirabelles, and as a result, the Lorraine has produced two distinct varieties of fruit. Distillation is a great way to preserve and store a large mirabelle crop. Published by the editors of MOTHER EARTH NEWS, Mother Earth Gardener provides decades of organic gardening experience from the most trusted voices in the field. Typically, they are used in dishes such as plum tarts as they don’t fall apart when baked or cooked. Japanese black plums can be further divided into more types which are as follows: Black Ruby is a fairly round and reddish-brown plum with yellowish-orange flesh. What is more incredible is that by utilizing black plums in your dishes, the dark skin spreads out a pretty purple color in the entire dish. However, in actuality, the cultivation of plums began in East European and Caucasian mountains near the Caspian Sea. They are a late-season plum variety that ripe in late July and August. Two popular cultivars in Europe are ‘Mirabelle de Metz’ and ‘Mirabelle de Nancy.’ The skin of ‘Mirabelle de Nancy’ fruit is a stronger yellow, and the flesh is firmer and better suited to cooking or distilling. Plum-Berry Cornmeal Sheet Cake, a best-of-all-the-rest summertime recipe, … My host family’s father, Jean-Paul, explains how the process works: “The fruit is distilled twice. On the other hand, other types of Japanese plums are “clingstone” in which the flesh is fast attached to the pit. Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. It is believed Single yellow mirabelle plum isolated. Mirabelle de Nancy plum trees originated in France, where they are beloved for their intensely sweet flavor and firm, juicy texture. You may also find Moyer plums being sold as Italian plums, French prunes, Italian prunes, or just fresh prunes. (In the Lorraine dialect, it’s more common to hear the German word for eau de vie: Schnapps.). You won’t want to miss the stories about plants passed down from generation to generation. This bumper harvest would keep the whole family in Schnapps for years to come. On the other hand, others like to think that the Duke of Anjou upon his return from Jerusalem brought along plums to Europe around 1198 to 1204 A.D. Whatever may be the truth, one common consensus remains that wild plums were planted and raised throughout the Old and New Worlds. Eighty percent of the world’s commercial mirabelle harvest comes from northeastern France, where Lorraine’s cuisine is unique. Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while giving you a dose of excellent antioxidants at the same time. He hooked it onto a laden branch and used the weight of his body to shake the mirabelles free. If the fruit ferments correctly, there will be no bad odor. A mirabelle plum is a small and delicious fruit that has a number of important health benefits but is difficult to find outside of Europe.. What is a Mirabelle Plum? Uncle Armand brought out a special homemade tool, a long broom handle with a hook on one end. Reputed in England to be the best late Gage plum, this self-fertile selection features a rich flavor, sweet, juicy, deep yellow flesh and yellow-gr... View full details ... Now you can enjoy 4 Mirabelle Plums on one tree!! European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. From the second distillation, the first parts (fore shots) are poisonous, and must be discarded. According to Bon Appetit , they're banned because true Mirabelles are grown only in Lorraine, France and import laws make them nearly impossible to procure in the United States. Once matured, they flaunt firm and crisp flesh and can easily be imported to other countries without getting damaged on their way. The mirabelle fruits ferment throughout autumn, substantially decreasing in volume. Also known as Prunus domestica, this dry variety of plums boasts an oblong sort of shape and is often labeled as “fresh prunes” in the markets. This stone fruit is exceedingly juicy when firm and soft. Little-known in North America, this small, pale heirloom fruit is essential to Lorraine’s culinary traditions — and you can grow it in the United States, too. Get your hands on all these different types of plums and either eat them raw or cook/bake them into luscious dishes like cakes, pastries, pies, biscuits, etc. ‘Mirabelle de Metz’ is a blush pink color, tastes sweeter, and is good for eating straight from the tree. Bottles of Schnapps in the patriarch’s basement date back decades; many are older than his daughter, who is herself a grandmother. Find the top 100 most popular items in Amazon Grocery & Gourmet Food Best Sellers. It is believed that this type of fruit species was first cultivated in Syria and then in Rome; during the Crusades, the Romans introduced European plums to the Western part of Europe. • Access to exclusive online content -- seasonal recipes, organic pest control & more. Get one year (4 issues) for only $24.95! Two popular cultivars in Europe are ‘Mirabelle de Metz’ and ‘Mirabelle de Nancy.’ The skin of ‘Mirabelle de Nancy’ fruit is a stronger yellow, and the flesh is firmer and better suited to … Stay away from plums that are small, hard, and have weird spots on them. Mirabelle trees do well in most temperate zones. Already a Member but haven't activated your account? Red plums also happen to be a wise choice for those looking for ways to lose their weight. The ideal time to get Black Beauty at grocery markets is in a midseason (spring and fall). Most will freely interpollinize. Plums are multi-branched, medium-sized, upright to spreading trees that will grow in a wide variety of well drained soils. While you can grow your very own Mirabelle plums in your home garden, the most genuine Mirabelle fruit is only grown in France. Survival Skills, Garden Planning, Seed Saving, Food Preservation, Natural Health – Dozens of courses, 100+ workshops, and interactive Q&As. Or, store them in the fridge in a perforated bag for up to five days. and then introduced to Northern Europe. Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Mirabelle Plum including 1 oz and 100 g. I was going to suggest cooking them and then freezing the poached fruit, but I like your idea so much better. Following are some of the main types of Japanese plums that are dominating the commercial supply of plums. These delicious fruits can be ideally picked in late summers to early autumns. Follow her blog at Season Generously. Some reliable producers in the U.S. are Greenmantle Nursery, Raintree Nursery, and Trees of Antiquity. Designated a superior regional product, mirabelle plum trees have protected status. The production of Schnapps marks the beginning of the Christmas season. Unlike apples, which you can buy on dwarf and mini-dwarf rootstocks, plums grow 12 to 15 feet high and spread 12 to 15 feet. Greengage Plums. • Special discounted prices on tools, kits, and hands-on resources in the Mother Earth Gardener Store This late-season plum is sweet, juicy, and has a small pit. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle The golden fruits tumbled to the ground, and other family members hurried to gather them before Uncle Armand could trample them in his enthusiasm. Most of these home distillers learn the skill from their fathers or grandfathers. In summer, the city of Metz holds a two-week mirabelle celebration, and similar festivals pop up all over the region. People who consider most plums mealy and bland will prefer smaller, firmer, and more intensely flavored mirabelles. Botanically classified as Prunus domestica, greengage plums are sold out in the summer season by over a dozen cultivars such as Imperial Gage, Reine Claude, Bryanston, Golden Transparent, Laxton’s Gage, and Cambridge Gage. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese plums and European plums. Mirabelles are distilled to make a local obsession, the fruit brandy known as eau de vie. A healthy natural way to help reduce dry skin inflammation, redness and itchiness, plum oil is also an ideal moisturizer for those with psoriasis, eczema, and easily irritated skin. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green. Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. You can find these fruits in medium to large sizes with moist, reddish flesh. Most Japanese plums begin to bloom and mature earlier than any other type of plums. Jean-Paul says, “The Schnapps produced at the end of the distillation is not good, so some of the old folk keep it for cleaning windows, treating wounds, and so on.”. It is a yellow, red-flecked and tiny cherry-tomato-sized and sweet and delicate flavor. The plums are also excellent when eaten fresh. They are usually sold fresh and plump, having a pleasantly sweet flavor. I’ve been lucky enough to spend time in Lorraine, living with a family who makes their own delicious mirabelle fruit jams, pies, and Schnapps. European or Italian Plums 1. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. Not a true mirabelle, but a hybrid between gage and mirabelle, we had saved from the Geneva New York State plum collection and at last make available ourselves. Commonly referred to as Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums, Mirabelle plums are a surprisingly small and sweet fruit, that are commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. They’re partially self-fertile, meaning it’s a good idea to have another mirabelle tree, or a different plum cultivar, in the area for cross-pollination and a better harvest. Robust mirabelles will tolerate most temperate climates with adequate rainfall. You can also pair them up with savory food items like cheese such as ricotta and chevre, herbs including chili, basil, and arugula, bacon, seafood, and lamb. This helps give the dish more a come-together appearance and texture. Many families cultivate one or two trees in their gardens, in shared orchards, or in rows in fields. Although the region has had a violent and bloody past, switching between French and German control many times, its love for the mirabelle plum has endured. Black Beauty ranges from medium size to full large size in deep purple color. Just like any other plum, pluots can stay on the counter for three days and for one week in a refrigerator. Arrange the mirabelles - or golden plums- over the tart base as you like. How to cook plums. Drizzle the honey over the plums and add the vanilla (or cinnamon stick), citrus slices, and wine. The family’s trees are located in the middle of a grain field — a line of trees that stands up to harsh winter winds and provides a haven for wildlife. An easy plum tart that is quick and easy to make and uses a minimum of ingredients and is perfect for any family supper pudding. Both these varieties of black plums are recently introduced and are considered to be amongst the large plum varieties. In the United States, the best times to plant are late fall and early spring, or any time the trees are dormant. After harvest, the family stores the fruit in large barrels fitted with airlocks that allow gasses to escape but no bacteria to enter. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, the trees of these two types of plums yield a large number of plum crops with Owen T in the midseason while John W in the late season. Backyard gardeners will appreciate the beauty, productivity, and manageable size of mirabelle plum trees. The fruit is essential to culinary traditions in the Lorraine region of France. Moyer Plums. Autumn and winter are the best times to plant and prune mirabelle plum trees in Lorraine. The mirabelle plum tree bears heirloom fruit that’s perfect for jams, jellies, tarts, and brandy. Friars feature a round shape with a dark-violet to brightly black color. Free stone fruits make processing mirabelles relatively easy, despite their small size. Many people who find plums to be mealy and bland will prefer smaller, firmer, more intensely flavored mirabelles. The mirabelle plum (also called a mirabelle prune – Prunus domestica subsp. Due to their impeccable sweet taste, Mayor Plums are often labeled as “sugar plums”. Considered as the best European type of plum, Moyer plums are longer in shape and less round which is... 2. Preheat the oven to 375ºF (190ºC.) 90% of mirabelle plums grown commercially are made into either jam (70%) or eau de vie (20%). Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green. However, the … This is a relatively new plum that tastes utterly delicious and comes in a bluish-black color. Rosemary Gladstar's Medicinal Herbs: A Beginner's Guide, Winter Herbal Remedies from the Medicinal Garden, Fabled Heirloom Potatoes from the High Andes. The skin color of red plums varies from light red to dark purple. Avoid soggy or soft pluots as chances are they haven’t ripened quite well. Don’t miss a single issue of Mother Earth Gardener. Did you know that you can store greengage plums for up to a week? It is also considered to be an “ancient domesticated species” and is widely cultivated in temperate regions. The tree cannot be grown from seed, and must be grafted onto stronger rootstock. Mirabelle plums: Orchard candy for the picking. (You can leave the skins on for these recipes.) You can also use plucots in other scrumptious dishes like jam, chutney, plum crumbles, etc. One simple and easy method to ripen Black Beauty is by keeping it in a paper bag and leaving it at room temperature. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. PLUM OIL is one of the best natural skin moisturizers because of its lightness—it moisturizes dry skin without leaving it greasy. The grower must be careful that the rootstock doesn’t send up suckers, and must prune them back vigorously when they appear. Generally, yellow plums are used for making dessert pies, jams, fruit preserves, juices, and plum brandy. One may think of them having a sour-like taste since most green-hued fruits are sour. Already a Member but haven't activated your account. From eating fresh to making jams, jellies, pies, brandies and more, mirabelles are a remarkably versatile fruit. BOTANICAL NAME: Prunus domestica subsp. The fruit is primarily used in fruit preserves and dessert pies, and its juice is commonly fermented for wine or distilled into plum brandy. It has been estimated that each plum contains a gram of fiber, a half-gram of protein, 6.5 grams of sugar, 30 calories only, and no fat or cholesterol. Also known as lemon plums, yellow plums are relatively smaller and rounder variety of plums that possess both yellow skin and flesh. If you have been enjoying only one kind of plum, then we are afraid to break it to you that you are missing out on a lot of joy and amazing flavors! David September 16, 2013 I've never roasted mirabelles but have roasted regular plums with a little brown sugar or honey and packed them into a mason jar and filled with brandy. Try making some of our favorite plum recipes with all that in-season fruit you have on hand. While plucots and pluots are often labeled as the same type of plums, they are technically different. To make the most of pluots, you will have to look for fresh, fragrant plums that are firm and vibrant in their appearance. Excellent for fresh fruit, stewing and … They consist of phenolic compounds that prevent LDL cholesterol from clogging into your bloodstream and thus lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. 1/4 cup (60ml) white wine. With so many health benefits, it is good to know that plums come in a wide range of variety. As with many fruit trees, glut years are often followed by a few sparse harvests. Once ripe, plums will keep at room temperature for around three to four days. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. Register Today! According to a study published in the Journal of HortScience in 2004, the yellow-fleshed red plums are more nutrient-ridden than the red-fleshed ones. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. The whole family came together for harvest a few years ago when I helped them gather a bumper crop of heirloom fruit. Plums … Mirabelle Plums What it is: Small, sweet, yellow plums Where it's from: Lorraine, France Why it's banned: They aren't banned because legislators are plum-haters. To help you out in discovering different types of plums, keep on reading this blog post. Owen T plums flaunt attractive bluish-black skin with sweet yellowish flesh. I like to try out fruit trees like some folks enjoy trying on shoes. Friar plums take time to mature as they are usually ripe three weeks after Black Ruby. Put the plums in a baking dish that will fit them all in an even layer. 750 hours. These yummy plums are also quite versatile in nature and can be used in the making of various dishes like ice creams, pies, and cakes. You can also use them to make delectable jams, reductions, compotes, and a wide variety of alcohol. Did you know that plums are probably the first type of fruit cultivated by humans? Another type of Japanese black plum includes Friar, which consists of a lighter tone of amber flesh. Once dried-out, these tasty fruits retain its sweet flavor which is why they can be deliciously incorporated in different types of dry dishes. Delicious summer treats, Plums bear abundant crops in our region and throughout the U.S. So many fruit trees, so little time, and with each success, failure has likely played its part. The following are the few popular types of European plums that are worth your read. The best eaters are ripe Santa Rosa, Burbank, Denniston’s Superb and Black Amber, and the best flavoured cookers are Mirabelle, Quetsch and Czar. You can find a number of varieties of pluots at a market – Dapple Dandy, Flavor Grenade, Flavorglo, and Dinosaur Egg. Mirabelle plum, also known as mirabelle prune or cherry plum, is a cultivar group of plum trees of the genus Prunus. Otherwise, the fruit may lose its original flavor and may not taste as vigorous as it ought to. On the other hand, John W plums which are named after their fruit breeder – John H. Weinberger – distinguish themselves with purple skin and orange flesh. Hannah Wernet grew up on a sheep farm in Wales, and currently teaches and writes in Austria, where she dreams of a self-sufficient life in the French countryside. Ginger-Plum Slump is a cobbler-style dessert made on the stovetop, while Warm Plum Cobbler is a gooey, fruity dish that belongs firmly in the camp of "comfort dessert." syriaca) is queen in that country’s Lorraine region. Join today and save off the newsstand price! This is typically done in a basement or garage. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. Mirabelle de Nancy plums are delicious eaten fresh, but they are also at the top of the list for jams, jellies, tarts, and nearly every sweet treat under the sun. Old bedsheets were laid on the ground around the trees to catch the falling plums. Generally, plucots boast a yellowish-green exterior with a bold pink to the red interior. An excellent choice for backyard gardeners, mirabelle plum trees stay a manageable size, usually 12 to 16 feet in height at maturity. Consumers of greengage plums suggest that these beautiful-looking fruits have dense and juicy flesh, having the right balance of honey-like sweetness and subtle acidity of citrus fruits. Unlike Black Beauty and Friar, Black Splendor is quite an early-season plum and can be harvested around June 5 to June 20. Plums would have to be the easiest home garden fruit trees of all. Research shows that 90% of yellow plums that are commercially cultivated are either made into jams or fruit brandy. • Organic gardening tips to improve your health and wellness • Heirloom seed-saving techniques Children who live far away return home to help. Eat sweet dessert plums raw. Discover the best Fresh Plums in Best Sellers. Depending on the variety, greengage plums can range from a small to medium size and flaunt pale yellow-green to bright lime with red specks as their skin surface. Become a Preferred Subscriber and start enjoying the benefits today! Mirabelle plums are a small, sweet type of fruit most commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. Owing to these nutrients and more, plums help improve the heart’s health, circulation of blood, lower the cholesterol level, remove the appearance of skin scars and thus improve one’s complexion. Many Lorraine families rent an ancient Schnapps burner for a weekend before passing it on to a neighbor. In order to grow Mirabelle plums at your home garden, you will first have to find an authentic and reliable supplier that can provide you with good-quality plum saplings. There are 6 calories in 1 Mirabelle Plum. Mirabelles are grown all over the world, but the two best-known varieties hail from the Lorraine region in France. "Mirabelle" is a mid-season, free-stone plum with firm, yellow flesh and yellow skin, often speckled with red dots. syriaca, FRUIT: Small, oval, yellow dotted with red, free stone, POLLINATION: Benefits from growing a different plum cultivar with concurrent bloom period close-by. The United States hosts some mirabelle tree producers. syriaca Mirabelle) grows on trees of the Prunus genus and is thought to have originated from a wild-growing fruit in Anatolia, Turkey. They are firm and crisp which is why they are commonly used in making mint salsa. This is one of the rarest forms of plum that you won’t find in many countries except for France. You will require big space and have to consider regular care and maintenance for these beautiful plums to grow healthy. 2 thin slices lemon or orange. 1. According to the Clemson University Horticulture’s website, Black Ruby’s trees can easily tolerate the humid climate, which is why they are cultivated in the damp areas of southern and Mediterranean areas. Here is a traditional mirabelle plum tart, simple and flavorful recipe! Some men who produce it here only throw away a small glass, but I throw away a big glass.” (Jean-Paul aims for quality over quantity.) But research shows that they have the highest sugar level. Pluots are a sweet, hybrid fruit with smooth reddish skin and yellowish flesh. However, the truth is greengage plums are naturally green in color even when they become mature. The flavors that work best with greengage plums include nutmeg, tropical fruits, vanilla, butter, chocolate, citrus, and tropical flavors. Halve and roast (15-20 mins); poach whole (15-25 mins); stew (10 mins). Most people incorrectly assume that these moist fruits were first domesticated by cultivars in the wild. Gathering the mirabelle fruit and distilling Schnapps are annual community events that have persisted for hundreds of years. Pre-heat your oven at 375F. In dry years, mulching around the base of the tree with grass clippings can help retain moisture. (USA only), • 1 year of Mother Earth Gardener magazine both print and digital Black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple color and come with a mild to sweet taste. The fruit is made into jams, jellies, pies, ice cream, compotes, and every other sweet treat imaginable. Like other fruit trees, plums need full sun to produce well. Similar to peaches and cherries, plums are a rich source of vitamin A and vitamin C and various antioxidants. This tart also works well when made with fresh figs. The mirabelle plums hail from Lorraine and show up only in the short season. Each of these groups contains many additional types of plums that we have discussed in detail below. While most of the world associates France with the grape, the mirabelle plum tree (Prunus domestica subsp. These high sugar plums are renowned for their use in various jams, jellies, baked products, and fruit brandy (known as eau de vie). Lorraine is justifiably proud of its favorite fruit, which holds a central place in its cuisine. Jams, jellies, pies, jams, reductions, compotes, and seasonality the ground around trees... Trees have protected status except for France and European plums that are your..., they are usually ripe three weeks after black ruby in East and... 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Of yellow them having a pleasantly sweet flavor find a number of varieties, varying in colors!, simple and easy method to ripen black Beauty and Friar, which holds central...