=�!�릲{��P������Əq��#!%U:D�n�N� It is also known as Pyridoxine. There is a potential for impaired blood clotting. Vitamins fit into one of two categories: water-soluble or fat-soluble. It is a derivative of the hexose L-glucose. It is also known as Ascorbic acid. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; Classification of Vitamins. Fat Soluble Vitamins: these are oily and hydrophobic compounds, they are stored in the liver and not excreted out of the body. <> Vitamins are a group of chemically diverse compounds that vary considerably in their stability and susceptibility to destruction by physical and chemical agents. Vitamins. Naturally found in plants and animals, vitamins are vital to growth, energy, and nerve function. Thirteen vitamins are true vitamins which are further classified as water soluble and fat soluble vitamins. Balances fluids in the body. Vitamin K is also known as the “blood-clotting vitamin or Quinones. <>/Metadata 60 0 R/ViewerPreferences 61 0 R>> 1. There are 13 vitamins essential to the body. amzn_assoc_linkid = "df6e3e2dfb2223ece0caaeddeb1e4806"; In general, vitamins must come from the diet; the body doesn't make them. It is also known as Retinol and carotenoids. Vitamin B1 Sources: Brown rice, Cereal grains, sunflower seeds, whole-grain rye, asparagus, kale, cauliflower, Legumes (dried beans), Peas, beans, nuts, yeast, potatoes, oranges, Dried milk, liver, beef,  eggs, egg yolk, pork, etc. Nine of the 13 essential vitamins are classified as water-soluble vitamins. <> Vitamin E, a major lipid-soluble antioxidant, 1 0 obj endobj amzn_assoc_region = "US"; It is also essential for the metabolism of glucose. What is a vitamin? However, suboptimal intake of vitamin E is relatively common. Vitamins are organic molecules essential for proper metabolism that must be obtained from the diet. A vitamin is an essential compound of organic molecules that cannot be synthesized in the body but acquired through the diet that the person intakes. 6 0 obj It is water soluble and acts as a precursor of coenzyme A. Vitamins are generally classified as water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. Vitamin C and all of the B vitamins, such as thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, B-6, B-12, biotin, folate and pantothenic acid, are water-soluble vitamins. 3;� ����o(��φ5��}�G,�q�{)9��m�v���=������ <> 11 0 obj Vitamin B6, or Pyridoxine - comes from fortified cereals; soy products ; Vitamin B7, or Biotin - is found in fruits; meats ; Vitamin B9, or Folic Acid (Folate) - comes from leafy vegetables Vitamin K is a fat soluble vitamin. Vitamin B6 Sources: Liver, egg yolk, yeast, kidney, Meats, bananas, dried beans, Peas, soybeans, cereals, vegetables, and nuts, Avocado. The water-soluble vitamins are the B-complex vitamins and vitamin C. Fat-soluble vitamins: If vitamins are soluble in a fat solvent such as ether, chloroform, benzene, carbon, tetrachloride etc, then they are known as fat-soluble vitamins. • A vitamin is: – An organic compound distinct from fats, carbohydrates and proteins – Natural component of foods, present in minute amounts – Is essential for normal physiological function, usually in minute Vitamin D Sources: Animal sources are the only sources of vitamin D. It is found in liver, Fish such as salmon, mackerel, herring etc, fish liver oil (cod and halibut), eggs, meat, milk, butter, and dairy products such as cheese, yogurt, butter, and cream. 1. <> So, a substance that is a vitamin in one species may not be a vitamin in others. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; Classification of vitamins • Water soluble  Vitamin B1  Vitamin B2  Vitamin B3  Vitamin B5  Vitamin B6  Vitamin B7/H  Vitamin B9  Vitamin B12  Vitamin C Cannot be stored and is readily extracted from the body • Fat soluble  Vitamin A  Vitamin D  Vitamin E  Vitamin K Can be stored in fat cells when excess is present and easily absorbed through the intestinal tract It plays an important role in heart, nerve and muscle function. Vitamins generally cannot be synthesized in amounts sufficient to meet bodily needs and therefore must be obtained from the diet or from some synthetic source. �#f~��{�"����F��]�O���{���� � �K������ �UT�^ Q�Jlm���w��q=Y*l����Y�h��:�8t蕋� �g�*�r�Բ���dž�U�x��]ӄ:��+�P�a�Vy�{0�n$)M�� v�(������|8N.���! amzn_assoc_region = "US"; 2. Vitamins A,D,E and K are fat soluble 2. Vitamin B5 Sources: Whole-grain cereals, broccoli, avocados, royal jelly,  fish ovaries, meats, Milk, Eggs, Mushroom, sweet potatoes, kale, and other vegetables in the cabbage. 2. �O%�(�fc�����s(O� It helps the production of RBC (red blood cells)  and is important for body growth. It is involved in the release of energy in the electron transport system. It is also known as Tocopherols and tocotrienols. endobj In humans there are 13 vitamins: 4 fat-soluble (A, D, E, and K) and 9 water-soluble (8 B vitamins and vitamin C). <> <> 8 0 obj They are: According to the property of solubility, vitamins are mainly divided into two groups: 1. %PDF-1.7 FDA regulates dietary supplements under a different set of regulations than those covering "conventional" foods and drug products. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Vitamins are classified several different ways, according to how they travel through your body and the various roles they play in keeping you healthy. This guide will help you classify herbal medicines, supplements and tonics. %���� Toxicity: Minimal side effects have been noted in adults taking supplements in doses less than 2000 mg/day. $.' It is also known as Folic acid or folate. Coenzymes that can be synthesized from common metabolites are referred to as metabolite coenzymes. Catalase Catalase enzyme (CAT) is found in the blood and most of the living cells and decomposes H2O2 into water and oxygen (6.2). Chocolate etc. Classification of Vitamins: Vitamins are generally classified as water-soluble vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins. It is also known as pantothenic acid, is a solid crystalline substance. It enables the body to use carbohydrates as energy. This is a diverse form of vitamin and further divided into B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, and B12. Vitamin Classification. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; Energy is the primary requirement for performing various activities. Vitamin C Vitamin C works as an antioxidant by being an electron donor.22 Vitamin E’s antioxidant func-tion depends upon Vitamin C, which regenerates alpha-tocopherol and thus allows maintenance of Vitamin E in its nonradical form. You need vitamin C to protect all cells and to help your immune system work efficiently, while all of the B vitamins rely on each other to metabolize nutrients from the foods you eat. amzn_assoc_default_browse_node = "672123011"; amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; Apart from the normal food we consume, our body requires other compounds like vitamins in small amounts for the proper body functioning and deficiency of these compounds may cause disorders. It is a yellow oily substance, soluble in fat soluble but insoluble in water. Daily Requirement of Vitamin D: 400 IU (10 µg). Vitamin B7 Sources: Egg yolks, liver, tomatoes, nuts, soybeans, whole grains, yeast, peanuts, leafy green vegetables etc. It is also known as Riboflavin, is a yellowish crystalline solid substance and soluble in water. Daily Requirement of Vitamin B1: 1.1-1.2 mg. It is heat stable and antioxidants that help to prevent various diseases. It helps to create RBC (red blood cells) and releases sugar from stored carbohydrate to get energy. endobj Back ; Search for: SHORT NOTES ON VITAMINS. It is heat-stable vitamin which plays an important role in bone health. 2. endobj Vitamin C is considered the most important water-soluble antioxidant in extracellular fluids. Demystifying nutrition: the value of food, vitamins and supplements Longwood Seminars, March 5, 2013 The following content is provided by Harvard Health Publications Putting multivitamins to the test Many studies have looked at the effect of vitamin and mineral supplements on disease, but the evidence has never been convincing. endstream Coenzyme classification Coenzymes are part of the active site of the enzyme; they supply reactive groups that are not available on the side chains of the amino acids. Vitamin C and some Vitamins B are soluble in water and can be destroyed under heat, and thus we should avoid (1) washing them too much (2) cooked them too long time: Vitamin Function Food sources Symptom of deficiency Symptom of excess. There are two types of vitamins used by the body to … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. These molecules form oriented monolayers at interfaces and show surface activity (i.e., they It is white crystal and soluble in water. stream ISBN 92 4 154612 3 (LC/NLM Classification… It is colorless oil, soluble in fat but insoluble in water. endobj 3 0 obj <> Your body wants them to figure properly; therefore you grow and develop a bit like you must. The thirteen different kinds of vitamins required for effective functioning of the human body may be classified into two categories namely water and fat-soluble vitamins. amzn_assoc_linkid = "8176995fc60e05367dcce2a1fda714d5"; endobj The Vitamins: Fundamental Aspects in Nutrition and Health, Fifth Edition, provides the latest coverage of the biochemistry and physiology of vitamins and vitamin-like substances. ",#(7),01444'9=82. Vitamin K is found in asparagus, safflower oil, green leafy vegetables, egg yolks and liver . amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "search"; amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; Fat-Soluble Vitamins. amzn_assoc_linkid = "df6e3e2dfb2223ece0caaeddeb1e4806"; Vitamin A Sources: It is found in cod liver oil, halibut liver oil, milk, butter, eggs, fishes, Meat, Carrots, spinach, mango, tomatoes, Dark-colored fruit, and dairy products such as cheese, yogurt, butter, and cream. Vitamin Supplements. Vitamins 6. Vitamins A,D,E and K are fat soluble 2. 10 0 obj Minerals MyPlate, published by the USDA, makes it easy to envision just how much of each food type you should eat. We get energy from the food we eat. Vitamins PPT | PDF | PowerPoint Presentation. Vitamin C Sources: Broccoli, spinach; Cauliflower, Potatoes, Cabbage, Citrus fruits(lemon, orange), Apple, Tomatoes, Strawberries, mangoes etc. These are stored in adipose tissues and hence are called fat-soluble vitamins. VITAMINS AND MINERALS CHART Different types of vitamins and minerals enable healthy body function, such as cell and tissue repair, production of cells, and healthy brain function. They are required in very small quantities but cannot be synthesized by the body itself, and can only be sourced from outside.. Different types of vitamins and minerals enable healthy body function, such as cell and tissue repair, production of cells, and healthy brain function. Whereas they are not possible to be synthesized in our bodies they are easily synthesized in plants. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual"; vitamins belong to classes of organic compounds, the nomen- clature of which has been considered systematically else- where; for these vitamins the trivial names are given together with the systematic names in the appropriate Rules. WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS 10.3 B-COMPLEX VITAMINS Eight of the water-soluble vitamins are known as the vitamin B-complex group: vitamin deficiency diseases were common in developed and developing countries. Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble Vitamin C and B is water soluble. stream Water-soluble vitamins dissolve easily in water and, in general, are readily excreted from the body, to the degree that urinary output is a strong predictor of vitamin consumption. 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